Morals in Religious Education
There are various views and theories that have been advanced about religion. They range from concept to function. Related to this, previous study has shown that religion may not be easily defined. According to Maurice (1998, 554) the concept and function definition of religion is a system where people believe in some superhuman existing power referred to as God or gods that are in control of human behavior and life. Such behavior is manifested in the ceremonies and tradition of the people. In an attempt to define religion, McGuire (1987, 11-12) identifies the sociological definitions by Durkheim, Parsons, Yinger and Roberts who agree on religion being "a set of beliefs and practices in which man relates his conditions of ultimate existence" This would make religion an act of man trying to find the meaning of his life and his destiny. And since man is a social being, Reynolds and Tanner (I995) have analyzed the need for man to have religion with a view that religions bring about the feeling of social and moral integration of individuals forming communities. They also assert that through religion people are helped to have correct thinking, proper behaviour, as well as feeling supported in times of crisis. In this religions appear to perform social and psychological functions, by bringing about social coherence because people have a common belief and are bound together by certain moral values even though these values are not an individual's decision.